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A Comparison of the Types of Heuristics Used by Experts and Novices in Engineering Design Ideation

Authors:

Raymond A. Dixon ,

University of Idaho, US
About Raymond
Department Chair and Associate Professor in the Department of Curriculum & Instruction, University of Idaho
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Jason Bucknor

University of Idaho, US
About Jason
Master’s student in the Department of Curriculum & Instruction, University of Idaho
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Abstract

This study explored the use of heuristics in the design space by novice and expert engineers in the initial ideation of a design solution. Verbal protocol analyses were conducted with four engineering students and four professional engineers as they generated ideas to solve a design problem. Overall, both experts and novices used various types of heuristics. Although novices’ heuristics tend to focus on improving the function of the design, experts’ heuristics tend to focus on improving both function and form. The implication is that the deliberate teaching of design heuristics, along with other strategies, will help in the development of generative skills of students, stimulating more creative and innovative designs. Validated design heuristics can be integrated within engineering design content at appropriate grade levels to aid in building the repertoire of heuristics used by engineering and technology education students.
How to Cite: Dixon, R. A., & Bucknor, J. (2019). A Comparison of the Types of Heuristics Used by Experts and Novices in Engineering Design Ideation. Journal of Technology Education, 30(2), 39–59. DOI: http://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v30i2.a.3
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Published on 22 Mar 2019.
Peer Reviewed

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